The Matterhorn and Switzerland are closely linked. This pyramid-shaped summit, whose climb is considered difficult, is without a doubt the most photographed mountain in the world. Opposite is the Klein Matterhorn, served by a cable car.
The Matterhorn magically focuses the eyes of the day-trippers. And it magically attracts mountaineers who wish to conquer it. They dream to stand once in their life at the top of this mountain. The Hörnligrat is the most popular climbing route.
Altitude : 4'478 m
First ascent : July 14, 1865. The Matterhorn was the last famous summit of four thousand meters never to be conquered.
First mountaineers : Edward Whymper, Douglas R. Hadow, Charles Hudson, Francis Douglas, Michel-Auguste Croz, Peter Taugwalder Sr., Peter Taugwalder Jr. Deadfall on the way down: Douglas R. Hadow, Charles Hudson, Francis Douglas and Michel-Auguste Croz.
To see in the village : Zermatlantis Matterhorn Museum, exhibiting the torn rope of the first ascent (original) Monte Rosa Hotel with commemorative plaques commemorating the first ascent. Guided tours Hotel Matterhorn Lodge. Themed hotel on the Matterhorn. Guided tours of the village Cinema Vernissage, documentary "Whymper's Weg aufs Matterhorn", VO subtitled E / F Mountaineers' cemetery with gravestone by Peter & Peter Taugwalder, Michel-Auguste Croz
Matterhorn tips for mountaineers :
Essential mountain guide
Only for mountaineers who are surefooted and do not suffer from vertigo
Requires endurance and good physical condition
2 day tour, usually from the Hörnli hut
Matterhorn characteristics : Due to its imposing shape and its isolated position, the Matterhorn is the very definition of the mountain. There is no other peak in the world whose natural shape is a pyramid as perfect as that of the Matterhorn. 100 million years ago, huge tectonic plate compression moves closer to Africa and Europe. 50 million years later, the rock masses begin to deform and bend. These rock masses pushing up give birth to the Matterhorn.
Source : https://www.zermatt.ch/fr